Reports & Publications

WISE-ACT > Reports & Publications

Here you can find information about past, ongoing and forthcoming reports, publications and other outputs of WISE-ACT. Action participants are engaged in a wide array of activities through their different capacities as academics or practitioners which is also reflected in respective outputs. While outputs reflect the views and positions of individual authors, they contribute in shaping the WISE-ACT perspective and inform contemporary debates and policy making. All WISE-ACT reports and publications are covered by a Creative Commons license (CC-BY 4.0) and the Action’s Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) agreement which has been accepted by all Action MC members, substitutes, observers, experts and other participants.

Any queries related to WISE-ACT reports or publications should be directed to Dr Dimitris Milakis, our Publications Co-ordinator, or Dr Nikolas Thomopoulos, our Action Chair through our Contacts webpage.


  • Edited book volume in Emerald series Transport and Sustainability: Sustainable Automated & Connected Transport (in press)
  • WISE-ACT Report Series 2 – WG Thematic Reports: Completed in 2021 and released on March 2022:
  1. WG1 Thematic Report:  Institutional & Regulatory Challenges
  2. WG2 Thematic Report:  Social Challenges
  3. WG3 Thematic Report:  Business Challenges
  4. WG4 Thematic Report:  Transport Demand and User Challenges
  5. WG5 Thematic Report:  Simulation & Scenario Evaluation





  • Edited book volume in Elsevier series Advances in Transpot Policy & Planning:

Milakis, D., Thomopoulos, N., van Wee, B. (2020) Policy Implications of Autonomous Vehicles, Oxford: Academic Press.

  • WISE-ACT Report Series 1 – Data Governance for Autonomous and Connected Transport
  1. WISE-ACT Report – Data Governance for Autonomous and Connected Transport in Brazil
  2. WISE-ACT Report – Data Governance for Autonomous and Connected Transport in Italy
  3. WISE-ACT Report – Data Governance for Autonomous and Connected Transport in New Zealand
  4. WISE-ACT Report – Data Governance for Autonomous and Connected Transport in Slovakia


  • Cabanelas, P., Parkhurst, G., Thomopoulos, N., Lampón, J.F. (2023) A dynamic capability evaluation of emerging business models for new mobility. Research in Transportation Business & Management, p.100964.
  • Kroesen, M., Milakis, D., & van Wee, B. (2023). Automated Vehicles: Changes in expert opinions over time. Transport Policy.
  • Sipetas, C., Roncoli, C., & Mladenović, M. (2023). Mixed fleets of automated and human-driven vehicles in public transport systems: An evaluation of feeder line services. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 18, 100791.
  • Roncoli, C., Chandakas, E., & Kaparias, I. (2023). Estimating on-board passenger comfort in public transport vehicles using incomplete automatic passenger counting data. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 146, 103963.
  • De Paepe, L., Van Acker, V., & Witlox, F. (2023). To share or not to share, by whom is the question. Acceptability and acceptance of shared transport services by vulnerable groups. Transport Reviews, 1-35.



  • Asadi-Shekari, Z., Saadi, I., & Cools, M. (2022). Applying machine learning to explore feelings about sharing the road with autonomous vehicles as a bicyclist or as a Pedestrian. Sustainability, 14(3), 1898.
  • Andrei, L., Luca, O., & Gaman, F. (2022). Insights from user preferences on automated vehicles: influence of socio-demographic factors on value of time in Romania case. Sustainability, 14(17), 10828.
  • Andrei, L., Negulescu, M., Luca, O. (2022) Premises for the future deployment of Automated and Connected Transport in Romania considering citizens’ perception and attitudes towards Automated Vehicles, Energies, 15, 1698. DOI: 10.3390/en15051698
  • Guo, J., Susilo, Y., Antoniou, C., & Pernestål, A. (2022). Word of mouth and behavioural intentions of the automated bus service. Cities, 126, 103668.
  • Karbasi, A. H., Mehrabani, B. B., Cools, M., Sgambi, L., & Saffarzadeh, M. (2022). Comparison of Speed-Density Models in the Age of Connected and Automated Vehicles. Transportation Research Record, 03611981221118531.
  • Thomopoulos, N., Attard, M. (2022) Autonomous Vehicles, Encyclopedia of Tourism, Management and Marketing, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Olin, J. J., & Mladenović, M. N. (2022). Imaginaries of road transport automation in Finnish governance culture—a critical discourse analysis. Sustainability, 14(3), 1437.



  • Ezzati Amini, R., Katrakazas, C., Riener, A., & Antoniou, C. (2021). Interaction of automated driving systems with pedestrians: Challenges, current solutions, and recommendations for eHMIs. Transport Reviews, 41(6), 788-813.
  • Guo, J., Susilo, Y., Antoniou, C., & Pernestål, A. (2021). When and why do people choose automated buses over conventional buses? Results of a context-dependent stated choice experiment. Sustainable Cities and Society, 69, 102842.
  • Milakis, D., & Müller, S. (2021). The societal dimension of the automated vehicles transition: Towards a research agenda. Cities, 113, 103144.
  • Paddeu, D., Tsouros, I., Parkhurst, G., Polydoropoulou, A., & Shergold, I. (2021). A study of users’ preferences after a brief exposure in a Shared Autonomous Vehicle (SAV). Transportation Research Procedia, 52, 533-540.
  • Su, S., Chaniotakis, E., Narayanan, S., Jiang, H., & Antoniou, C. (2022). Clustered tabu search optimization for reservation-based shared autonomous vehicles. Transportation Letters, 14(2), 124-128.
  • Harb, M, Stathopoulos, A., Shiftan, Y., and Walker, J. (2021) What do we (Not) know about the future of automated vehicles?, Transportation Research Part C, 123
  • Thomopoulos, N., Cohen, S., Hopkins, D., Siegel, L., Kimber, S. (2021) All work and no play? Autonomous vehicles and non-commuting journeys, Transport Reviews, pp.1-22. DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2020.1857460
  • Nikitas, A., Thomopoulos, N., Milakis, D. (2021) The environmental and resource dimensions of automated transport: A nexus for enabling vehicle automation to support sustainable urban mobility, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 46, pp.167-192. DOI:
  • Polydoropoulou, A., Tsouros, I., Thomopoulos, N., Pronello, C., Elvarsson, A., Sigporsson, H., Dadaszadeh, N., Stojmenova, K., Sodnik, J., Neophytou, S., Esztergár-Kiss D., Hamadneh, J., Parkhurst, G., Etzioni, S., Shiftan, S., Di Ciommo, F. (2021) Who is willing to share their AV? Insights about gender differences among seven countries, Sustainability, 13, 4769. DOI: 10.3390/su13094769
  • Hamadneh, J., Esztergár-Kiss D. (2021) The Effects of Multitasking and Tools Carried by Travelers Onboard on the Perceived Trip Time, Journal of Advanced Transportation, Vol. 2021, paper 5597694, DOI: 10.1155/2021/5597694
  • Hamadneh, J., Esztergár-Kiss D. (2021) The Influence of Introducing Autonomous Vehicles on Conventional Transport Modes and Travel Time, Energies, Vol 14, paper 4163, DOI: 10.3390/en14144163
  • Hamadneh, J., Esztergár-Kiss D. (2021) Travel Behavior of Car Travelers with the Presence of Park-and-Ride Facilities and Autonomous Vehicles, Periodica Polytechnica: Transportation Engineering, online first, DOI: 10.3311/PPtr.18020
  • Hamadneh, J., Esztergár-Kiss D. (2021) Multitasking onboard of conventional transport modes and shared autonomous vehicles, Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 12, paper 100505, DOI: 10.1016/j.trip.2021.100505
  • Milakis, D., Mueller, S. (2021) The societal dimension of the Automated Vehicles transition: Towards a research agenda, Cities, 113, 103144.
  • Hopkins, D., & Schwanen, T. (2021). Talking about automated vehicles: What do levels of automation do?. Technology in Society, 64, 101488.
  • Pudāne, B., Van Cranenburgh, S., & Chorus, C. G. (2021). A day in the life with an automated vehicle: Empirical analysis of data from an interactive stated activity-travel survey. Journal of choice modelling, 39, 100286.



  • Etzioni, S., Hamadneh, J., Elvarsson, A., Esztergár-Kiss, D., Djukanovic, M., Neophytou, S., Sodnik, J., Polydoropoulou, A., Tsouros, I., Pronello, C., Thomopoulos, N., Shiftan, Y. (2020) Modelling cross-national differences in Automated Vehicle acceptance, Sustainability, 12, 9765. DOI: 10.3390/su12229765
  • Kyriakidis, M., Sodnik, J., Stojmenova, K., Elvarsson, A., Pronello, C., Thomopoulos, N. (2020) The role of human operators in safety perception of AV development – Insights from a large European survey, Sustainability, 12, 9166.
  • Hamadneh, J., Esztergár-Kiss, D. (2020) Potential Reduction in Travel Time with Autonomous Vehicles for Different Types of Travelers, Promet – Traffic & Transportation, 33(1), pp. 61-76, DOI: 10.7307/ptt.v33i1.3585
  • Cugurullo, F., Acheampong, R.A., Gueriau, M. and Dusparic, I. (2020) The transition to autonomous cars, the redesign of cities and the future of urban sustainability. Urban Geography, pp. 1-27.
  • Narayanan, S., Chaniotakis, M., Antoniou, C. (2020) Shared autonomous vehcile services: A comprehensive review. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 111, pp.255-293.
  • Testaferrata de Noto, A. (2020) Driver Perception-Reaction Times in Level 3 Automated Vehicles. Doctoral Thesis, Faculty for the Built Environment, University of Malta.
  • Thomopoulos, N., Cohen, S. (2020) Shifting future mobility’s focus to include leisure trips, Technical Paper, Transportation Professional, CIHT – Technology & Innovation Panel, Chartered Institute of Highways and Transport.



  • Wicki, M., Guidon, S., Becker, F., Axhausen, K.W. and Bernauer, T. (2019) How technology commitment affects willingness to use AVs: Results from realistic mode choice experiment for a self-driving shuttle service. In 19th Swiss Transport Research Conference (STRC 2019). STRC.
  • Cohen S.A., Hopkins D. (2019) Autonomous vehicles and the future of urban tourism, Annals of Tourism Research 74c, pp. 33-42, Elsevier Masson, DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2018.10.009
  • Gensler (2019) Uber Elevate  Skyport Concept for Drones.
  • Gensler (2019)  Micromobility: Third lanes as the streetscape of tomorrow.
  • Gensler (2019) Livable growth featuring  mass transit – From Leeds to LA and Bogota.
  • Hogan G., Dolins S., Senturk I., Fyrogenis I., Fu Q., Murati, E., Costantini F., Thomopoulos N. (2019) Can a Blockchain-Based Maas Create Business Value?, Proceedings, 28(1), 1-10, doi:10.3390/proceedings2019028001
  • Milakis D. (2019) Long-term implications of automated vehicles: an introduction, Transport Reviews, 39:1, 1-8, DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2019.1545286
  • Mladenović, M.N. (2019) How Should We Drive Self-driving Vehicles? Anticipation and Collective Imagination in Planning Mobility Futures. In The Governance of Smart Transportation Systems (pp. 103-122). Springer, Cham.
  • Mladenović, M.N., Lehtinen, S., Soh, E. and Martens, K. (2019) Emerging Urban Mobility Technologies through the Lens of Everyday Urban Aesthetics: Case of Self-Driving Vehicle. Essays in Philosophy, 20(2), p.3.
  • Pangbourne, K., Mladenović, M.N., Stead, D. and Milakis, D. (2019) Questioning Mobility as a Service: unanticipated implications for society and governance. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.
  • Thomopoulos, N., Nikitas, A. (2019) Special Issue Editorial: Smart Urban Mobility Futures, International Journal of Automotive and Technology Management, 19 (1/2), pp. 1-9.
  • Whittle, C., Whitmarsh, L., Hagger, P., Morgan, P. and Parkhurst, G. (2019) User decision-making in transitions to electrified, autonomous, shared or reduced mobility. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 71, pp.302-319.
  • Costantini, F. (2019) The Digital Use of Human Beings: Labour in the “Information Age. Chap. 1 In Legal Issues in the Digital Economy. The Impact of Disruptive Technologies in the Labour Market, edited by Valeria Filì and Federico Costantini. Adapt Labour Studies, 1-22. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publisher.
  • Costantini, F., Archetti, E., Di Ciommo, F. and Ferencz, B. (2019) Iot, Intelligent Transport Systems and Maas (Mobility as a Service). In Proceedings of the 22nd International Legal Informatics Symposium Iris 2019, edited by Eric Schweighofer, Franz Kummer and Ahti Saarenpää, 245-54. Salzburg: Weblaw.



  • Bösch, P. M., F. Becker, H. Becker and K. W. Axhausen (2018) Cost-based analysis of autonomous mobility services, Transport Policy, 64 (1) 76-91.
  • Litman, T. (2018) Autonomous vehicle implementation predictions, Technical Report, Victoria Transport Policy Institute.
  • Zmud J., Reed N. (2018) Synthesis of the Socio-Economic Impacts of Connected and Automated Vehicles and Shared Mobility, White Paper of the 6th EU-US Transportation Research Symposium, Brussels: European Commission.



  • Di Ciommo, F., Shiftan, Y. (2017) Transport equity analysis, Transport Reviews, 37:2, 139-151, DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2017.1278647
  • Haboucha, C.J., Ishaq, R. and Shiftan, Y. (2017) User preferences regarding autonomous vehicles. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 78, pp.37-49.
  • Milakis, D., Snelder, M., van Arem, B., van Wee, B. and de Almeida Correia, G.H. (2017) Development and transport implications of automated vehicles in the Netherlands: scenarios for 2030 and 2050. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 17(1).
  • Milakis, D., Van Arem, B. and Van Wee, B. (2017) Policy and society related implications of automated driving: A review of literature and directions for future research. Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems, 21(4), pp.324-348.
  • Pronello, C., Camusso, C. and Rappazzo, V. (2017) Last mile freight distribution and transport operators’ needs: which targets and challenges?. Transportation Research Procedia, 25, pp.888-899.
  • Rode, P., Floater, G., Thomopoulos, N., Schwinger, P., Mahendra, A., Fang, W. (2017) Accessibility in cities: Transport and urban Form. In: Gereon, M. and Shaheen, S. (Eds.) Disrupting Mobility: Impacts of Sharing Economy and Innovative Transportation on Cities. Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer International Publishing, pp. 239-273.
  • Schaller, B. (2017) The growth of app-based ride services and tra_c, travel and the future of New York City, Technical Report, Schaller Consulting.



  • Bösch, P. M., F. Ciari and K. W. Axhausen (2016) Autonomous vehicle fleet sizes required to serve different levels of demand, Transportation Research Record, (2542) 111-119.
  • Chapin, T., L. Stevens, J. Crute, J. Crandall, A. Rokyta and A. Washington (2016) Envisioning Florida’s future: Transportation and land use in an automated vehicle world, Technical Report, Florida Department of Transportation
  • Hollander Y. (2016) Transport Modelling for a Complete Beginner, London: CTthink!
  • SAE (2016) Taxonomy and de_nitions for terms related to driving automation systems for on-road motor vehicles, Technical Report, Society of Automative Engineers.
  • Martens, K. (2016). Transport justice: Designing fair transportation systems. Routledge.
  • Meyer, J., H. Becker, P. Bösch and K. Axhausen (2016) Impact of autonomous vehicles on the accessibility in Switzerland, Arbeitsberichte Verkehrs- und Raumplanung, (1177).



  • Fagnant, D. and K. Kockelman (2015) Preparing a nation for autonomous vehicles: opportunities, barriers and policy recommendation, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and practice, 77, 167-181.
  • Thomopoulos, N., Givoni, M., Rietveld, P. (2015) ICT for Transport: Opportunities and Threats, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Thomopoulos, N., Givoni, M. (2015)  The autonomous car – a blessing or a curse for future mobility?, European Journal of Futures Research, 3(1), pp. 1-14.

Calls for Papers/Book Chapters

Sustainability has been a core policy objective following the SDGs establishement after the Paris agreement in 2015 and the IPCC report released in 2021. Autonomous and Connected Transport (ACT) has been featuring as a potential solution to sustainability challenges, for example through energy efficient or increased shared travel. Yet, there may also be negative impacts through ACT on all sustainability pillars, namely economic, social, environmental. This volume aims to build on existing knowledge by academics and policy makers, offering evidence about the contribution of ACT on sustainability as well as policy recommendations about the path to follow in order to ensure a transition towards a more sustainable future.

This will be an Open Access edited volume in the Emerald Transport & Sustainability book series.

The first Call for Abstracts has been released:

Abstracts: 250 to 400 words
Submission to: chair [AT]
Submission deadline: 13th September 2021

COST supports contributions co-authored by participants from at least three COST countries and offers specific opportunities for ECIs and those from ITCs.

WISE-ACT is co-ordinating a Special Issue in the MDPI Sustainability Open Access journal focusing on user preferences and AVs among other topics. This Special Issue is linked with the large scale international WISE-ACT survey of 2020. More information about this Special Issue is available here.

Special Issue Editors:

  • Prof. Yoram Shiftan
  • Prof. Amalia Polydoropoulou
  • Dr Nikolas Thomopoulos
  • Dr Valentina Rappazzo

Papers in this Special Issue are invited by experts from any sustainability-related discipline to address the wider impacts of ACT based on empirical evidence and surveys of user preferences and acceptance levels. Survey data could be attitudinal data, revealed preference data or stated preference data based on future scenarios. All papers should also make explicit links with socioeconomic, business or policy implications of sustainable deployment of ACT. Large-scale surveys, surveys using innovative data collection or presentation methods, and cross-country comparisons are particularly welcome. The dissemination of research results, tests, developments, and applications will be crucial to steer the governance concerning the spread of ACT, with the aim to effectively and truly contribute to a more sustainable transport.

Indicative topics of this Special Issue may include:

  • Identifying the key behavioural, economic, social, demographic or cultural factors determining the attitude of transport users towards ACT;
  • Analysing the behaviour of ACT users by comparing their choices through revealed or stated preference experiments;
  • Reviewing and evaluating the value of travel time for ACT;
  • Evaluating socio-economic challenges of ACT, e.g., equity, privacy, security;
  • Adjusting survey methods and suggest innovative data collection methodologies for ACT.

Contact Editor: Dr Valentina Rappazzo

This Open Access Special Issue is partially funded by COST, which supports contributions co-authored by participants from at least three COST countries.

Proposed papers for this Special Issue may analyze how impacts of shared mobility can change or not if migrating to a different car fleet and how this would impact on the environment, concerning the entire life cycle of the transport system. Papers should focus on whether and how the adoption of electric and autonomous vehicles could impact on air quality and which effect it could have on climate change and global GHG emissions.

Contact Editor: Prof. Cristina Pronello

COST supports contributions co-authored by participants from at least three COST countries.

Given the wide interest across our Action about the AV related policy implications, we invite abstract submission to be considered for the forthcoming Policy implications of Autonomous Vehicles edited book volume. This book volume will follow the standard review process and will be part of the Elsevier book series Advances in Transport Policy and Planning edited by Prof. Bert van Wee.

The first  Call for Abstracts has been released:

Abstracts: up to 400 words
Submission to: book [AT]
Submission deadline: 15th January 2019

COST supports contributions co-authored by participants from at least three COST countries and offers specific opportunities for ECIs and those from ITCs.

You may find the Policy Implications of Autonomous Vehicles – Volume 5 book at the Elsevier webpage of the Advances in Transport Policy book series.